"과학문화교육"

2005-06-25 (Vol 2, No 6)

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과학교육 정책개발과 행재정 및 장학

Israel - TOMORROW 98

Report of the Superior Committee on Science, mathematics and Technology Education in Israel (Jerusalem, August 1992)
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Itmes of the SUMMARY

(1). Today, knowledge of science and technology is the most important economic asset.
(2). Today - and even more in the future - mathematics, science and technology are part of the general education required of every contributing member of society.
(3). Today, science and mathematics are interrelated and they can affect one another in a variety of unexpected ways.
(4). Although technologies change quickly, their basic principles remain valid.
(5). The teacher plays a central role in science and technology instruction.
(6). Science and technology require experiments and laboratories.
(7). The computer is an extremely important teaching tool in all subjects, at all age-levels.
(8). A broad-based approach is required if improvements are to be made in teaching mathematics, science and technology.
(9). Implementing the recommendations of this report will depend upon a high-level decision and the creation of a special project administration in the Ministry of Education and Culture.
(10). The cost of operating this program will be approximately NIS 300 million annually (in 1992 prices).
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Table of Contents

Acknowledgements
Actions of the Committee and Letter of Appointment
Summary
Introduction

Chapter A: Mathematics, the Natural Sciences and Technology for Everyone
A/1 - Mathematics in Elementary School
A/2 - Mathematics in Junior High School
A/3 - Science in Pre-school Education
A/4 - Science and Technology in Elementary School
A/5 - Science and Technology in Junior High School
A/6 - Laboratories in Junior High School
A/7 - "Emblem of Science and Technology" for Junior High Schools
A/8 - Science and Technology for All High School Students
A/9 - Experiments in Technological Education
A/10 - Popular Science Periodicals
A/11 - Museums of Science and Technology

Chapter B: Mathematics, the Natural Sciences and Technology for Students
Specializing in the Sciences
B/1 - Expanded Mathematics Studies
B/2 - Additional Electives in the Sciences
B/3 - Combined Science Studies
B/4 - Science in Technological Education
B/5 - Computers for Teaching Mathematics, Science and Technology
B/6 - Laboratories in High School
B/7 - Science-Oriented Youth
B/8 - Schools With an Emphasis on Science and Technology
B/9 - Regional Centers for Science and Technology
B/10 - Journals for Science and Technology Teachers
B/11 - Flexible Graduation

Chapter C: The Computer as an Instructional Tool
C/1 - Computers in Pre-school Education
C/2 - Computers in Elementary School
C/3 - "Emblem of Teleprocessing"
C/4 - Teleprocessing Literacy in the Junior High School
C/5 - Computers in Junior High School
C/6 - Computers in High School
C/7 - Computers in Teacher Training and In-Service Training Workshops ...
C/8 - Purchasing Software and Computer Hardware
C/9 - Computerized Communications
C/10 - Experiments in Advanced Environments

Chapter D: Organizational Structure
D/1 - "Tomorrow 98" Administration
D/2 - Budget
D/3 - Project Steering Committee
D/4 - Professionals from Science and Technology Holding Administrative
Positions in the Education System
D/5 - Curriculum Development
D/6 - Regional Support Centers
D/7 - Organizational Supervisors for Mathematics, Science
and Technology
D/8 - Preparations for Building Laboratories
D/9 - Incentives for Teachers in Development Areas
and Disadvantaged Neighborhoods
D/10 - Information for Students Before They Choose Their Area of Specialization
D/11 - Junior high schools and Elementary Schools in the
Former Configuration

Budgetary Appendix: Cost of "Tomorrow 98"
Provisos

Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport
State of Israel

첨부
TOMORROW 98.hwp

(영문 보고서의 앞부분과 상세한 요약이 "첨부"에 있슴지다. 다음 호에 계속해서 보고서 내용을 계재하겠습니다. 편집 머슴)

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