과학문화교육의 연구와 저술
A study of stone star charts in Korea and China
Cheonsangyeolchabunyajido (天象列次分野之圖) and Suzhou (蘇州) star maps are representative stone star charts in Korea and China and they have been engraved on a stone slab in A.D. 1395 and 1247, respectively.
Constellations in each stone star chart are based on the oriental constellation system of Butiange (步天歌). We compare the two stone star charts in terms of position of stars, connecting pattern, number of stars and so forth. As a result, we find notable differences between the two star charts such size of star, shape of constellation, number of star, etc. Constellations in the Korean star chart are almost identical to those of Korean Butiange. However, some constellations in Suzhou star chart are quite different in shape or number of star from those of Chinese Butiange or Xinyisangfayao (新儀象法要). We find several incomplete constellations in the Suzhou star chart such as missing of star’s name or figure, erroneous connectings between stars and so forth. We also analyze the Korean star chart using the 3D measurement data. And find that stars in the replica (17C) are mostly shift in the clockwise, compare with the original (14C). It might caused by the correction of precession when making the replica.
(영문의 논문 전체가 첨부에 있습니다. 편집 머슴)
양홍진, 최고은, Yang, Hong-Jin, Choi, Go Eun