과학교육 정책개발과 행재정 및 장학
Educating Americans for the 21st Century-Source Materials
This volume is composed of source documents which report activities sponsored by the National Science Board Commission on Precollege Education in Mathematics, Science and Technology, deliberations of a subgroup of the National Science Foundation Engineering Advisory Committee, and a paper prepared for the Pfizer Corporation. Five of the documents are reports from conferences on mathematics, science and technology education. Participants in these conferences included scientists, mathematicians and engineers, elementary and secondary school teachers and administrators, representatives of professional societies, foundations, private industry and business. Some papers report the results of surveys and assessments of ad hoc committee activities.
The first four presentations address the teaching and learning of mathematics, science and technology in grades K-12. Issues of appropriate content and process are discussed. Suggestions for changing some of the content of traditional elementary and secondary education are presented and arguments for the need for all students to study mathematics, science and technology every year during their elementary and secondary education are made.
Emerging new technologies hold promise for more effective education. Though this is addressed in the papers related to subject matter learning and teaching, the topic is sufficiently important to merit a separate presentation on the uses of technology as a tool in education rather than learning about technology.
The new technologies have also allowed new research methods in the areas of cognition and behavior. Some of the findings of this research relevant to precollege mathematics, science and technology education are presented in this volume.
The NSB Commission has seen some excellent programs throughout the country. New initiatives for improving elementary and secondary education, which have been undertaken by states, are described herein as well as model programs and some methods designed to motivate minority and female students to pursue careers in scientific, mathematical and technological fields. And some possibilities for business and industry to become involved in the improvement of elementary and secondary education are described.
The views and opinions expressed in this Volume do not necessarily reflect the views of the NSB Commission, the National Science Board or the National Science Foundation. Nevertheless, in the opinion of the NSB Commission, the contributions provide a useful range of perspectives on ways to improve and continually ensure a sound and effective education in mathematics, science and technology for the youth of our Nation. We hope the ideas expressed in this Volume will aid those actively involved in the improvement of elementary and secondary education and motivate others within their appropriate roles to bring this country's educational system to the forefront in the world by the year 1995.
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